There are a number of factors, outside of the type of grape being grown, that affect the taste of wine. The region the grape is grown in, for example, will greatly affect the final product and the taste that hits your lips. The climate of the region, the soil in the area and even the topography of the land can all change the taste of wine, even the tiniest variants can affect the final product – so keep reading to discover more!
One of the main things that affects the way a wine tastes is the climate of the region where the grapes are grown. Grapes produced in different climates around the world will produce different taste results. An example is that grapes grown in a cooler climate will have a more fruity taste and will have a medium body. If the grapes are grown in a traditionally hotter climate, the wine will have more of a rich or concentrated flavour. Generally speaking, when temperatures of the region go up were the grapes are grown, acidity goes down and the flavour and body of the wine go up.
The soil type of the region also creates a profound effect on the way the wine tastes. Grape vines will produce a different quality of grape depending on the type of soil they are grown in. This happens because of the different nutrient levels found in these soil types. Some studies have found that grapes grown in volcanic soil, like that found in Italy, can produce the best tasting wine. This is due to the the rich nutrient base of the soil. In addition the soil can also impart a subtle taste to the finished wine. Vines, for example, in limestone rich areas like Burgundy, France impart the taste of limestone to the Chardonnays made from the grapes.
The topography of the region in which the grapes are grown will also affect the taste of the grapes and the wine produced. Grapes planted on hillsides escape the threat of an early frost, but they may be susceptible to soil erosion which effects how large and well they can grow. Grapes planted in the valley, like Napa Valley,CA, are easy to maintain and cultivate, but they can be more at risk from frost. Being close to a water source can also affect the taste of the grapes. Being close to water allows the grapes to absorb more water and the grapes will be larger and have a milder or weaker taste.
Author Bio: Elle-Rose works for lomito as a food and drink writer. Lomito is a steak restaurant in London